Porsche has just announced the opening of a new $100 million museum on Stuttgart-Zuffenhausen to celebrate the history of the famous German sportscar maker. This 60,250 sq.-ft. building was designed by Viennese architects Delugan Meissl and houses displays with 80 important models.
The museum collection, however, totals 400 vehicles and the 80 shown at any given time will change frequently. Porsche is proud of its driving heritage and so vehicles will regularly be taken out of exhibits and driven or even raced.
Along with the exhibits, Porsche intends to use the museum as a location to hold events and the building also houses a restaurant and even a cigar lounge. Automotive journalists, authors and historians will appreciate the fact that the museum includes an archives which will be made available to them.
Among the most significant exhibits at the new museum, Porsche lists the following:
A 1939 Type 64. Known as the original Porsche, this 33hp vehicle was built by (and raced by) Ferdinand Porsche in the Berlin-Rome long-distance race.
A 1950 VW Beetle. With 21.5 million units sold this original Beetle represents the original People’s Car, which Ferdinand Porsche presented in 1934. With an air-cooled four-cylinder mounted int he rear – creating enough room for four people, this is easily one of the most historic vehicles of all time.
1948 Porsche 356 “No. 1” Roadster. This 35hp model was the first Porsche to bear the Porsche name.
1953 Porsche 356 America Roadster. With 70hp, this roadster was built specifically for the American market and was much lighter than other models of its time.
1956 Porsche 550 A Spyder. Knick-named “Little Bastard” by James Deam, this is the same model the actor was driving when he died on his way to the racetrack in 1955.
1960 356 B 2000 GS Carrera GT. Featuring 175hp and many innovations this is the first Porsche to bear the Carrera name.
1964 Porsche 911 2.0 Coupé. The successor to the 356, the 911 was original named the 901 but Peugot had legal rights to all three numbered car names with a zero in the middle.
1973 Porsche 917/30 Spyder. Featuring a turbocharged 12-cylinder boxer engine this race car boasted 1200 hp and a top speed of 239 mph.
1973 911 Carrera RS 2.7 Coupé. Known as the fasted production car of its time, the ducktail rear spoiler characterized this vehicle. It made 210hp and was capable of hitting a top speed of 149 mph.
1976 Porsche 911 Turbo 3.0 Coupé. The first Porsche to use an exhaust gas turbocharger.
1988 Porsche 959. One of just 292 vehicles ever built the 450hp 959 displayed advanced technology in a street car.
2003 Carrera GT. Yes, all 612hp of V10 goodness. This was the first street car from Porsche to feature an all carbon fiber body.
Official release INCLUDING MORE INFO ON EVEN MORE PORSCHES after the jump:
New Museum in Stuttgart-Zuffenhausen Travelling in Time through the History of Porsche One of the greatest and most spectacular building projects in the history of Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG was completed in December 2008: the new Porsche Museum in Stuttgart-Zuffen – hausen. Located directly in the very heart of this unique sports car company so rich in tradition, the Museum serves to present the fascinating thrill and diversity of the Porsche brand to visitors from all over the world. More than 80 cars are on display in the 5,600 square metre (60,250 square feet) Exhibition Area styled and designed futuristically by the Viennese architects Delugan Meissl, ranging from the legendary wheel hub motor of the Lohner-Porsche, the world’s first hybrid automobile built as far back as in 1900, all the way to the latest generation of the Porsche 911. No less than 170 architects from all over Europe applied for the project before the architects of the Delugan Meissl office won the tender in February 2005. Construction work at Porsche – platzin Zuffenhausen started just half a year later and in November 2007 the body of the Exhibition Building was lowered on to three concrete cores, the first exhibits moving into the Exhibition Area not even one year later. On 8 December 2008, finally, the Museum was handedover to Porsche exactly on time. Porsche expects more than 200,000 visitors to the Museum each year, so-called Theme Islands and numerous small exhibits seeking to present the “Porsche Idea” in all its complexity. Apart from the exhibition itself, the historical archives and the “transparent” workshop for historical cars, the Museum offers a wide range of catering services complete with a coffee bar, a bistro and an exclusive restaurant, as well as generous conference areas finished mainly in white, the fundamental colour of the Museum. The new Porsche Museum is also available as an event location for other purposes, for example for conferences, film screenings or concerts, quite independently of the usual exhibition activities. The new building at Porscheplatz is located at a very important place in the history of German automobile production, since this is where the Porsche Design Office moved to from downtown Stuttgart to Plant 1 in Zuffenhausen back in 1938. In the same year the forerunners of the VW Beetle saw the light of day precisely here at this location, followed by the Type 64 Porsche as the ancestor of all Porsche sports cars, the legendary Berlin-Rome car, in 1939. Sports cars proudly bearing the now world-famous Porsche logo have been built here in Zuffenhausen ever since 1950.
The exhibition concept
The actual Exhibition Area is made up of a daring steel structure resting on just three con – crete cores and appearing to hover in space, covering a span of up to 60 metres or almost 200 feet. Inside the Museum Porsche’s historical cars and some 200 additional exhibits are grouped together in a carefully planned and highly attractive arrangement. The visitor is guided through the Museum by the history of Porsche products, conveying the Porsche Idea through characteristic features such as “fast”, “light”, “clever”, “powerful”, “intense” and “consistent”. Proceeding from precisely this fundamental philosophy, Porsche to this date has created trendsetting technical solutions for elementary challenges in automobile production. Just how consistently and convincingly the Porsche Idea has been conveyed into reality also follows from the development projects carried out by Porsche on behalf of other companies, Porsche Engineering, the subsidiary responsible for such projects, taking on a firm place in the Museum through selected examples of its work. The exhibition concept of the new Porsche Museum was developed by the specialists of the Stuttgart HG Merz architects’ office in cooperation with Professor Gottfried Korff, a specialist on museology at Tübingen University not far from Stuttgart. Through their concept the crea – torsof the Museum seek “to present issues of great significance to the Company and, at the same time, to document the long history of Porsche in its products.”
Indeed, this interaction of product history, the arrangement of specific themes and the Porsche Idea provides a perfect trinity of highlights borne out, for example, by the Porsche 356 America Roadster built in the early ’50s. Weighing less than 600 kg or 1,323 lb in road trim, this is indeed the ideal testimony to the concept of lightweight engineering. At the same time the Targa Florio theme underlines Porsche’s outstanding achievements again in lightweight en – gineering, combined with the success of Porsche’s extra-light racing cars also highlighted by the plastic body of the Porsche 908 race car. In addition to all this, the interactive mediatheque, micro-cinemas and mobile audio-guides offer the visitor supplementary in-depth information.
From the exhibition straight to the road: the “Museum on Wheels”
Porsche cars do not grow old. Instead, they become classics still suited in every respect for road use. Indeed, this is one of the secrets behind the success of the brand, which is also why the exhibits proudly presented in the Porsche Museum are always on the move, nearly all of the vehicles exhibited being entered regularly in historical races and drive events as Porsche’s “Museum on Wheels”. In 2009, for example, the 550 A Spyder will be making an appearance in the Italian Mille Miglia and the 356 Carrera Abarth GTL will be entering the Classic Adelaide in Australia. So instead of a conventional, static exhibition, the visitor is able to enjoy a constantly changing succession of cars with rarities re-arranged time and again.
Unique: the “transparent” Museum Workshop and the Porsche Archives
Porsche lives out its history – and customers live out Porsche’s history too. To ensure the highest level of care and maintenance for the brand’s historical cars, Porsche has established a special Museum Workshop where private customers are also able to have their classic cars restored. The visitor, in turn, has the opportunity to watch Porsche’s master mechanics and specialists working on all kinds of classic Porsches. For before the visitor even enters the ex – hibition, he will pass by the glass partition to the Museum Workshop, enjoying a truly unique experience of transparency offered the world over in this way only by the new Porsche Museum. The historical Porsche Archives with all its treasures has also moved to the new Museum and is partly in sight through glass walls from the lobby. After registering in advance, specialists and enthusiasts are able to visit the archives for their research on the history of Porsche. The Porsche Museum experience: the Catering and Event Area Apart from the Museum shop, the coffee bar and the bistro, the new Porsche Museum offers two further highlights – the exclusive Christophorus Restaurant and a special Event Area. Visitors reach the restaurant through a separate entrance and may therefore enjoy all the culinary delights and amenities also after the Museum’s opening hours. Looking out of the guest area, visitors enjoy a truly symbolic view, admiring not only the cars in the Exhibition Area but also Porscheplatz and the Porsche Plant itself to be seen clearly through the glass facade. This interaction of past and future clearly underlines the pledge of the Company to its roots. The third floor offers ample space for events of all kinds and size, providing an ideal setting for meetings, seminars, conferences, lectures, concerts and film presentations. This area is indeed highly flexible in its use, mobile partitions serving to adjust the Event Area to the num – berof guests. The Event Level moves on directly to a generous roof terrace. This spectacular location out in the open is reserved for special highlights such as car launches or particular presentations benefiting from the large dimensions and impressive space available. Spectacular architecture: the “hovering” Museum Ingenious ideas, fascinating technology and legendary cars certainly deserve an appropriate setting offered in perfection by the architecture of Porsche’s new Museum. And one thing is for sure: the building designed by Delugan Meissl is a genuine eye-catcher. Resting on just three V-shaped pillars, the dominant main body of the Museum appears to hover high above the ground like a monolith. This is the venue of the actual Exhibition, the Christophorus Restaurant and the Event Area with its roof terrace. The basic building structure beneath the monolith houses the Lobby, the Museum Workshop and the Archives, the bistro and coffee bar as well as the Museum shop. The two bodies of the building are connected by a partly glazed, dynamically angled stairwell and a lift. A double-level underground garage with some 260 parking spaces, finally, offers visitors appropriate convenience in parking their car. The monolith and the basic building structure stand out from every perspective through their polygonous, avantgarde shapes as well as their various structures and window areas diffe ring consistently in their geometry. The glazed front side of the Museum measuring 23 metres or 75 feet in height and proudly presenting the name “Porsche” faces to the north, proudly welcoming visitors and passers-by driving into town in their car. Hence, the architects have succeeded on the one hand in creating an absolutely outstanding highlight ranking unique in its environment and, on the other hand, in generating a well-balanced overall impression. “The new Porsche Museum creates a unique experience in space appropriately reflecting the self-confident attitude and the supreme standard of the Company through its architecture and at the same time bearing out all of Porsche’s dynamic character. Knowledge, credibility and a determined stance are just as much part of the Museum’s philosophy as courage, enthusiasm, power and independence. Every idea is seen as an opportunity to openly accept new challenges, to venture forward to the very limit, and at the same time to remain faithful to oneself. All this is to be reflected by this Museum”. This is how the architects at Delugan Meissl express their dedication to the new Porsche Museum in Stuttgart. For it was this office from Vienna which in early 2005 won the architects’ contest for the development and construction of the new Porsche Museum in all its glory. Welcoming the visitor as a true guest: generosity is seductive The Porsche Museum welcomes the visitor with a generous gesture, the monolith opening up between the lower level and the street level to the generous height of 10 metres or al – most 33 feet to enhance the broad open space of the area in front of the Museum. Having passed through the main entrance, the visitor will come to the Lobby leading on to the bistro New Porsche Museum • Travelling in Time through the History of Porsche 5 and coffee bar as well as the Museum shop, the cloakroom and cash registers. The rising design of the roof on the basic building structure provides ample space opposite the entrance for a second floor where the reading hall of the Archives is clearly in sight. Moving up an escalator, the visitor enters the Exhibition Area in the upper part of the building covering an area of approximately 5,600 square metres or 53,800 square feet. Now he can decide whether to start his tour of the Museum in chronological order with the history of the Company prior to 1948 or whether he would like to move on directly to the main exhibition area a few steps higher, following the likewise chronological presentation of the Company’s history after 1948.
The Museum Exhibition
The journey in time through the history of the Company starts in the Porsche Museum with a truly outstanding vision: At the entrance leading into the Exhibition the visitor will imme – diately admire the body of the legendary Porsche Type 64, the Berlin-Rome car built back in 1939. The Type 64 is indeed the great-grandfather of all Porsche cars already boasting the unmistakable DNA which makes the sports cars from Zuffenhausen so unique the world over to this very day. Even though this trendsetting racing car was never raced on account of the war, it was the first rendition of numerous features characteristic of Porsche to this very day: lightweight technology and aerodynamic design, outstanding performance, reliable technology, and that typical look so characteristic of a Porsche. Precisely these features of the Type 64 clearly bear out the Porsche idea the visitor will experience so visibly through numerous highlights and examples in the Exhibition. The Type 64 not only welcomes visitors to the Exhibition, but also serves as the link connec – tingthe history of Porsche prior to and after 1948, the year in which the first Porsche 356 saw the light of day. Symbolically, it offers the visitor the alternative to either focus on the Prologue all about the early decades of Ferdinand Porsche as an automotive engineer and designer or to start his tour of the Museum with the history of Porsche as of 1948. The Prologue: Porsche before 1948 Ranging from electrical wheel hub drive on the Lohner-Porsche as early as in the year 1900 all the way to the start of Porsche’s own car production in the Austrian town of Gmünd in 1948, the “Porsche before 1948” Exhibition Area describes the activities of Ferdinand Porsche in individual episodes. Apart from various engines, the visitor is able to admire the Austro-Daimler Sascha and the Mercedes Monza racing car. The re-start of the Company after the war, in turn, is borne out by the Type 360 Cisitalia Grand Prix racing car developed by Porsche and, accounting for a pro – ductionvolume of 21.5 million units, the probably most-built Porsche construction ever – the Volkswagen Beetle. The final highlight in this Prologue is reserved for the famous Porsche “Number 1”, the first prototype of the Porsche 356 built in 1948. The exhibits represent various milestones in the life of Ferdinand Porsche and, as a result, the visions which have shaped the Company and the brand over so many years and decades. The Porsche Idea accompanies the entire exhibition throughout the Museum: The chrono – logical presentation of Porsche products following the Prologue guides the visitor in a clear process to the various theme arrangements focusing in detail on the Porsche Ideas and their practical results so typical of the brand. Ultimately, therefore, the visitor is guided through the entire Exhibition Level all the way to the final point on the Upper Platform. The “lightweight” idea: the Porsche 356 America Roadster and the Targa Florio The power-to-weight ratio of a vehicle has always been the decisive factor particularly in the construction of sports cars, that is the ratio between the weight of the car and its engine output. Precisely this is why Porsche has sought from the very beginning to reduce weight and ensure perfect lightweight engineering. This “lightweight” idea is highlighted by exhibits focusing on the Targa Florio, the famous long-distance road race through the mountains of Sicily, and underlines lightweight techno – logy as one of Porsche’s core skills. Racing in the Targa Florio, Porsche’s race cars were superior to the competition and thus highly successful mainly on account of their light and agile construction. Right from the start, the Porsche 356 America Roadster was the lightest Porsche of its time. Another example of this philosophy is the extremely thin plastic-fibre body of the short-tail Porsche 908 Coupé built in 1968 and illuminated from inside, weighing a mere 130 kg or 287 lb.
The “clever” idea: the Porsche 356 B 2000 GS Carrera GT and various Porsche concept cars Taking up all kinds of challenges in technology, Porsche looks consistently not just for a fast solution, but rather for the best conceivable answer. Hence, the idea of being “clever” is borne out clearly in all of Porsche’s engineering activities. Ever since 1971 Porsche engineers at the Research and Development Centre in Weissach have been developing and optimising all kinds of technical solutions, nurturing their love for technical details going back all the way to Ferdinand Porsche himself. Porsche Ceramic Composite Brakes (PCCB), VarioCam valve management and the Porsche- Doppelkupplungsgetriebe(PDK) or double-clutch gearbox are just some examples of these technologies developed by Porsche. Another example also presented here is the Porsche 356 B 2000 GS Carrera GT already featuring an all-synchromesh gearbox back in 1960. This “clever” idea corresponds with other models presented as studies or concept cars, Porsche’s test vehicles and prototypes standing out clearly as supreme examples of techno – logical innovation. And it is important to note that Porsche’s studies and concept cars are far more than just regular show cars of the usual kind. On the contrary – all of these cars are fully functional and come with innovations offering both practical benefits and technical feasibility al in one. The “fast” idea: the Porsche 911 Carrera RS 2.7 Coupé and the 24 Hours of Le Mans The central themes of the “fast” idea are the aerodynamics and ease of control a car is able to offer. After all, even the most powerful engine is of no use if the driver does not remain in control. Precisely this is why Ferry Porsche sought from the beginning to make his cars both easy to control and aerodynamic, thus achieving even higher speeds on the road.
Superior aerodynamics is indeed one of the decisive factors crucial to superior speed, the Porsche 911 Carrera RS 2.7 Coupé with its characteristic “ducktail” rear spoiler making its appearance in 1973 as the fastest road-going car in Germany, with a top speed of 240 km/h or 149 mph. In motorsport the benchmark for speed is Le Mans. For only the driver and manufacturer with a really robust car able to reach a high top speed is able to win this legendary 24-hour race, maximum speed being the all-important factor – more than in virtually any other race – on the long Hunaudières Straight. Thanks to superior competence in aerodynamics clearly confirmed by legendary sports cars, Porsche has scored numerous class wins and no less than 16 overall victories in Le Mans. One example is the overall distance record of 5,335 kilometres or 3,308 miles set up in 1971 by the short-tail version of the Porsche 917 at an average speed of 222 km/h or 138 mph, which remains unbeaten to this very day. Perhaps the leading technical exhibit for the concept of “fast” is the Porsche 956 suspended in spectacular arrangement above the visitor’s head from the ceiling of the Museum, demon – stratingthat at a speed of 321.4 km/h or 199.1 mph this unique racing car can theoretically drive along the ceiling. The “powerful” idea: the Porsche 911 Turbo 3.0 Coupé and the era of the Porsche 917 In the early ‘70s Porsche was more successful in motorsport than ever before, dominating virtually all competitors. Indeed, this also led to a new technical commitment within the Company, Porsche now developing the most powerful engines in addition to the best cars in terms of lightweight technology. High-performance power units and their particular features are therefore the highlight of this part of the exhibition. In motorsport it was the Porsche 917, that outstanding power machine, which dominated events for so long and is proudly presented to the visitor in this area. A twelve-cylinder boxer engine stripped down to its individual parts serves as the exhibit. This generation of power units reached its climax in 1973 in the guise of the Porsche 917/30, a 1200-bhp turbocharged supersports and the most powerful Porsche of all times. The technologies developed for even greater power and performance on the race track were subsequently carried over successfully to Porsche’s road-going sports cars, the turbocharged power unit soon hitting the headlines in the Porsche 911 Turbo presented here as the re – ference exhibit on the history of Porsche. The Turbo thus becomes the synonym of Porsche technology. How is a Porsche created? The question as to “how a Porsche is created?” is also answered right in the middle of this journey in time through the history of the Company: Reaching the central point on the Exhibition Level, the visitor is offered an insight into the Weissach Research and Development Centre as well as the Car Production Plant in Zuffenhausen. In the process, cutaway models demonstrate how a Porsche is created, developed and built for the customer. The focus is on design, development and production, films and exhibits informing the visitor of development processes taking place in parallel and offering a good impression of how, through cooperation and networking, high-quality products may be developed to full produc – tionstandard within a relatively short time.
The creative think-tank: Porsche Engineering
During his – or her – journey through the history of Porsche, the visitor will also encounter Porsche Engineering. Ever since Ferdinand Porsche established his Construction Office in 1931, Porsche has offered external clients a wide range of engineering services. Exceptional exhibits such as the rare Porsche Hunting Car built in 1956, the C88 concept car developed for the Chinese market in 1994, and the McLaren MP4 TAG Formula 1 racing car powered by a TAG Turbo engine made by Porsche emphasise the sheer diversity of Porsche’s develop – ment activities for other manufacturers.
Other highlights to be admired are truly unusual constructions and technology concepts not even recognisable at first sight as typical Porsche developments. The “intense” idea: the Porsche 959 Coupé and motorsport The Porsche 959 Coupé, a genuine dream and supersports car built in the ‘80s, impressively conveys the passion of Porsche’s engineers. Conceived originally as a Group B racing car for use in motorsport, the Porsche 959 stands in the new Porsche Museum for the “intense” idea so typical of motorsport with all its emotions. Motorsport is indeed the starting point for Porsche in the development and improvement of production cars, but also stands for success, triumph and emotion. The passion of the Company, its engineers, mechanics, drivers and aficionados the world over is indeed the essential factor and the fundamental difference borne out in more than 28,000 racing victories. Since it is impossible to present the thrill of motorsport through technical exhibits alone, not only legendary racing cars, but also emotional symbols such as the historical starter’s flag for the 24 Hours of Le Mans and more than 150 coveted trophies offer the visitor a truly “intense” experience of this idea.
The “consistent” idea: the Porsche 911 and its evolution
No other car the world over can look back at such a continuous tradition in design and style as the Porsche 911. Indeed, the 911 has been truly unmistakable ever since its introduction in 1964, regardless of the model generation and when the car was built. Initiated by the current 911 Carrera, the “consistent” idea focuses on various design highlights of a Porsche. First and foremost, the lines of a Porsche sports car are determined by consistent reduction to the essential – a philosophy carried forward over the years and decades from Ferdinand Porsche through his son Ferry all the way to his grandson Ferdinand Alexander. Taking models of the VW Beetle, the Porsche 550 and the Porsche 904 as examples, this area in the Exhibition highlights the design language of Porsche’s sports cars, the silhouettes of various models in the 356 and 911 range projected above one another exemplifying the closely related design of all Porsche cars. This theme also presents the evolution of the Porsche 911 Turbo now in its sixth generation following the launch of the original model back in 1975. To clearly present this evolution, the various versions of the 911 Turbo are presented on pedestals turning in synchronised 90° steps and thus allowing a direct comparison from all angles. Focusing on the present: “My Porsche” Forming the final emotional highlight of the exhibition, “My Porsche” presents customer and cult cars in various designs on a kind of catwalk. The highlights to be admired here include a Porsche diesel tractor built in 1960 and a 911 Carrera painted by the famous Aboriginal artist Biggibilla. Numerous model cars and toys relating to Porsche are also to be admired here, while that unique Porsche sound is presented in all its glory beneath three sound “showers”. As a result, “My Porsche” boasts the particularly close emotional relationship of countless enthusiasts the world over to that unique brand from Zuffenhausen.
The Museum Workshop and the Porsche Archives Despite their excellent condition, the historical cars featured in Porsche’s “museum on wheels” obviously require regular care and maintenance in order to enter all kinds of competitions and events at any time. Precisely this is why specialists in the Museum Workshop prepare all historical racing and sports cars for their worldwide activities, conducting regular maintenance and carrying out repairs where required. The same specialists are also at the disposal of private customers for the restoration of their classic Porsches, These include all road cars whose series production ended at least ten years ago, that is the 356, 914, 959 and 911 including the 964 model series, as well as water-cooled four- and eight-cylinder models. These highly skilled specialists and mechanics do their wonderful job in public, instead of hiding behind closed doors: This is the world’s only Museum Workshop where the visitor is able to directly observe the work in progress, a glass partition in the lobby of the Museum offering a clear view of the Workshop.
Pooled skills: the Museum Workshop Team
The Workshop Team is made up of one master mechanic, three mechanics, an upholsterer and a customer advisor. Naturally they all have lots of experience with Porsche cars of all model years both in series production and motorsport. After all, it is also their job to correctly tune and set up the sensitive high-performance power units in classic racing cars such as the twelve-cylinder turbocharged engine of a Porsche 917. To do this job with utmost perfection, the specialists benefit from the most advanced tooling and equipment with two car hoists, lathes and milling machines enabling them to carry out virtually all service, repair and restoration processes. And if necessary they are able to re- build even simple mechanical components. Minor body repairs are also handled here, while the Workshop Team has full access to Porsche’s entire infrastructure for all ongoing work and requirements.
Porsche’s memory: the Historical Archives The new Porsche Museum also houses a Central Department offering all the historical and contemporary knowledge about Porsche. Indeed, it was only logical for the Historical Archives of Porsche AG to move into the Museum, directly above the Museum Workshop. Acting as the “memory” of the Porsche Group, the Porsche Archives collect all important information relating in commercial, technical, social or cultural terms to Porsche AG and its subsidiaries. The Archives maintain all knowledge, facts and figures of significance through – out the unique story of Porsche’s success, ranging from the early days of Ferdinand Porsche as an automotive engineer through the Construction Office established in 1931 all the way to Porsche AG as the Company exists today. The Porsche Archives now extend along a total distance of approximately 2,000 metres or almost 6,600 feet, spread out on shelves, displays, steel cabinets and even vaults. Conducting research on the spot: open also to visitors The Historical Archives with all its sources is at the disposal not only of the Company’s own internal departments, but also of visitors and interested parties from outside the Company. So after registering in advance, journalists, scientists or owners of a classic Porsche are able to conduct their own personal research in the Archives’ reading area. As one of the largest picture archives in the automotive industry, the Porsche Archives com – prisemore than 2.5 million pictures, a media archive with over 1,500 hours of footage, and a library with more than 3,000 car books. A further highlight is the comprehensive collection of written documents on the history of Porsche products, racing activities and the Company as such. These particularly highlights in the Archives are stored in some 3,500 special boxes. Through a glass wall the visitor to the Museum enjoys a wonderful view of the reader’s room and the library. And the visitor inspired by this view is able to choose among a wide range of books about Porsche and a selection of authorised literature offered in the Museum Shop.
Events and Catering Apart from the actual exhibition, the new Porsche Museum also has an exclusive Event Level as well as a truly versatile range of culinary highlights tailored to the individual wishes and preferences of Porsche’s guests. So whether it is a special cup of coffee, international snacks or the most exclusive cuisine – the Porsche Museum offers the right choice for everybody. This in-house catering service is run by the Porsche Dienstleistungsgesellschaft (PDLG), Porsche’s Service and Catering Company. Right from the start when entering the lobby, the visitor may go straight to the coffee bar or to the “Boxenstopp” Restaurant for guests, enjoying fresh meals in a friendly environment together with his or her family, friends or colleagues. Wining and dining with a unique view: the Christophorus Restaurant The Christophorus Restaurant on the second upper floor is on the same level as the Exhibition and is therefore accessible both through the Museum and through a separate entrance, that is beyond the regular opening hours of the Museum itself. The Restaurant seeks to offer the highest standard of culinary excellence, enabling the gourmet to enjoy both Mediterranean and regional delicacies as well as the most exquisite wines. A particular highlight on the menu is US prime beef grilled fresh right in front of the eyes of the guest by Porsche’s very best chefs. And after visiting the Restaurant, the satisfied connoisseur may then enjoy the rest of the evening in the adjacent Cigar Lounge. Looking through the generous glass façade, guests in the restaurant enjoy a wonderful panoramic view of Porscheplatz and the production building where Porsche sports cars and engines are built. And looking through another glass wall separating the Restaurant from the Exhibition, guests also have the opportunity to admire the various cars on display in the Museum itself.
For very special events: the Event Level The third upper level in the Museum is available for all kinds of events varying in both nature and size. On an area of 600 square metres or almost 6,500 square feet, the Event Level offers the most advanced media technology for meetings, seminars, conferences, lectures, film presentations or concerts. The facilities and equipment available include video-conferencing technology, large screens, interpreters’ booths and special-effect loudspeakers. Mobile partitions allow individual ad – justment of room size depending on the number of guests attending an event. And a parti – cular attraction of great interest is the 800 square metre (8,600 square feet) roof terrace which may be easily integrated in the Event Area.
Chronology of the New Porsche Museum 30 July 2004 The Board of Management of Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG announces the decision to build the new Porsche Museum at Porscheplatz in Zuffenhausen. October 2004 The final competition for the new Museum is held among ten renowned architects’ offices from Germany, Austria and Switzerland. In all, 170 European architects’ offices had applied for the project. 31 January 2005 The jury under the guidance of architect Professor Fritz Auer (Stuttgart/Munich) awards the first prize to the Viennese architects’ office Delugan Meissel for their draft of the Museum Building. 4 February 2005 The Vienna architects’ office Delugan Meissl receives the assignment from Porsche’s Board of Management to build the new Museum. 17 October 2005 Installation of an unconventional building placard marks the official starting point for the construction of the new Museum. 21 September 2006 The new Museum slowly takes shape, work on the first upper level and the three concrete cores ultimately supporting the dynamically shaped exhibition body proceeding in construction at a fast and dynamic pace. By this time some 21,000 cubic metres of concrete and 4,000 tonnes of reinforcement steel had already been used. February 2007 Completion of the basic building structure. This marks the end of an important construction phase, with the underground garage, the ground floor, the first upper floor and the so-called cores (reinforced concrete carriers) all in place.
13 November 2007 The steel structure forming the 5,600 square metre (60,250 square feet) Exhibition Area is successfully lowered on to three reinforced concrete cores, construction of the actual exhibition surfaces starting immediately thereafter. These include the ceilings made of reinforced concrete as well as extra-large ramps and stairwells. January 2008 Work starts on the exterior of the Museum facade, with the rhom – boid structure being fitted in place. October 2008 The displays and small exhibits are positioned on the Exhibition Level. 3 November 2008 The first twelve exhibition cars are moved to the second upper level of the new Museum. These first exhibits include a 356 Cabrio – let, an original first-generation 911, and the first prototype of the Porsche 924. 5 November 2008 The Porsche brand name highlighting the Porsche Museum is fitted in position on the glass facade. 8 December 2008 The Museum is officially handed over to the building principal. 28 January 2009 Official opening of the Museum attended by Dr. Wolfgang Porsche, the Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG, and his family, Dr. Wendelin Wiedeking, the Chairman of the Board of Management and Chief Executive Officer of Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG, Günther Oettinger, the Prime Minister of Baden-Württemberg, and Dr. Wolfgang Schuster, the Lord Mayor of Stuttgart. 31 January 2009 The Museum is opened for visitors.
The Most Significant Museum Exhibits Type 64 (re-built) Year of production: 1939 Power unit: four-cylinder boxer engine Capacity: 1131 cc Output: 33 bhp (24 kW) Top speed: 140 km/h (87 mph) It was beautiful, dynamic and fast – and it quickly became Ferdinand Porsche’s great passion: Although this unique sports car built for the Berlin-Rome long-distance race bore nothing but the simple model designation “Type 64”, it is acknowledged as the “original Porsche”, the “great-grandfather” of all Porsches to follow. Within and beneath its streamlined aluminium body, Type 64 boasts the trendsetting concepts so characteristic of all Porsche sports cars following in the years to come. In terms of design and aerodynamics this unique Coupé was far ahead of its time, the symbiosis of motorsport qualities and production features creating an ideal grand touring car. On public roads Type 64 reached a top speed of no less than 130 km/h or 81 mph. Ferdinand Porsche often drove this car himself, showing his deep satis – factionby presenting the Porsche family name on the car itself.
VW Beetle Year of production: 1950 Power unit: four-cylinder boxer engine Capacity: 1131 cc Output: 25 bhp (18 kW) Top speed: 105 km/h (65 mph) When Ferdinand Porsche presented his “Study for the Construction of a German People’s Car” in January 1934, this was the eighth small car built under his guidance. Creating this compact model, Porsche and the engineers at his Construction Office offered highlights such as an air-cooled four-cylinder engine mounted at the rear, a crank arm axle, torsion bar suspension, and the subdivision of the car’s structure into a floorplate and the body itself. Through its design, the Beetle combined superior streamlining with sufficient space for four persons, in the process creating the famous Beetle silhouette. Total production of the Beetle by Volks – wagen AG up to the year 2003 amounted to 21.5 million units worldwide.
Porsche 356 “No. 1” Roadster Year of production: 1948 Power unit: four-cylinder boxer engine Capacity: 1131 cc Output: 35 bhp (26 kW) Top speed: 135 km/h (84 mph) The first sports car to bear the name Porsche was built in spring 1948 in the small Austrian town of Gmünd (Province of Carinthia). Creating this unique vehicle, Ferry Porsche for the first time lived out his idea of a truly modern sports car. The prototype Porsche Type 356 “No. 1” was ready to go on 8 June and the Carinthian State Government issued a special per – mit for testing on public roads. This mid-engined sports car was powered by a VW engine increased in its output to 35 bhp. Weighing 585 kg or 1,290 lb, the Porsche 356 “No. 1” achieved a top speed of 135 km/h (84 mph). In August 1948 the car clearly proved its spor – tingqualities in the Innsbruck City Race.
Porsche 356 Coupé “Ferdinand” Year of production: 1950 Power unit: four-cylinder boxer engine Capacity: 1086 cc Output: 40 bhp (29 kW) Top speed: 140 km/h (87 mph) A new chapter in the history of Porsche started on the Thursday before Easter 1950 when the first Type 356 built in Stuttgart came out of the production hall. With all test cars by tradition receiving a name at Porsche, the model on display in the new Museum was called “Ferdinand” and was a gift for Ferdinand Porsche on his 75th birthday on 3 September 1950. The car was subsequently used as a “rolling test vehicle”.
Porsche 356 America Roadster Year of production: 1953 Power unit: four-cylinder-boxer engine Capacity: 1488 cc
Output: 70 bhp (51 kW) Top speed: 177 km/h (110 mph) A special roadster built exclusively for the North American market and significantly lighter than the other models in the 356 series produced at the same time. The car reached its ideal weight of 605 kg or 1,334 lb through its extra-light aluminium body with low door cutouts, stick-on side windows and an emergency roof. This truly spartan fore – runnerto the 356 Speedster was conceived specifically for motorsport.
Porsche 550 A Spyder Year of production: 1956 Power unit: four-cylinder boxer engine Capacity: 1498 cc Output: 135 bhp (99 kW) Top speed: 240 km/h (149 mph) “Little Bastard” was the name that legendary US film star James Dean gave his Porsche 550 intentionally built with all the aggressive attributes required for motorsport. Just 24 years old, Dean died in his private Spyder in 1955 on his way to the race track in Salinas, California, when another driver took his right of way.
Type 754 “T7” Year of production: 1959 Power unit: four-cylinder boxer engine Capacity: 1966 cc Output: 130 bhp (96 kW) Top speed: 200 km/h (124 mph) Ferdinand Alexander Porsche’s T7 styling study was a milestone on the way to the final design of the 911. Since Ferry Porsche refused to build a regular four-seater, “T7” never entered standard production. But Ferry Porsche did have the car re-built as a 2+2-seater, jump seats at the rear maintaining the typical look of a fastback coupé.
356 B 2000 GS Carrera GT Year of production: 1960 Power unit: four-cylinder boxer engine Capacity: 1966 cc Output: 175 bhp (129 kW) Top speed: 220 km/h (136 mph) The Porsche 356 not only came with a new face, but also with innovative technology. The moving body parts made of aluminium are indeed a good example of such innovations. Other trendsetting features are the safety steering with hydraulic dampers and the optimised brake cooling system. The availability of various transmission ratios was likewise new. The additio – nal name “Carrera” was borne as of 1955 on all models with a racing engine.
Porsche 911 2.0 Coupé Year of production: 1964 Power unit: six-cylinder boxer engine Capacity: 1991 cc Output: 130 bhp (96 kW) Top speed: 210 km/h (130 mph) In 1963 Porsche proudly presented the successor to the 356 at the Frankfurt Motor Show: the original 911. The 911 differed in many respects from its predecessor, not only through its fast-revving six-cylinder power unit. And Ferry Porsche was happy “to be able at last to fit his golf set into the car without a problem.” Originally code-named the 901, the model designation had to be changed into the magical numbers 911, since Peugeot claimed the right to all three-digit numbers with a zero in the middle.
Porsche 914/8 Year of production: 1969 Power unit: eight-cylinder boxer engine Capacity: 2997 cc Output: 300 bhp (221 kW) Top speed: 250 km/h (155 mph)
In the late ‘60s the close connection between Porsche and Volkswagen, which had grown consistently in the course of time, led to the construction of the VW-Porsche 914 – a dyna – mic but economical sports car. Apart from the four-cylinder VW version, there was a six- cylinder version of this very agile mid-engined sports car built exclusively for Porsche. And there were two cars with an eight-cylinder power unit carried over from motorsport, one of which was given to Ferry Porsche as a gift for his 60th birthday. Porsche 911 S 2.2 Targa Year of production: 1970 Power unit: six-cylinder boxer engine Capacity: 2195 cc Output: 180 bhp (132 kW) Top speed: 230 km/h (143 mph) In response to new, strict legislation in the USA, Porsche built the first production safety convertible in the world to meet this challenge: In the mid-60s Porsche’s engineers created a special version of the 911 positioned in between the Cabriolet and the Coupé, inventing the Targa principle. This Targa version with its stable, removable roof quickly won over the hearts of a very special group of customers. Even the most powerful S-model (S for Sport) was available with the typical rollbar.
Porsche 908/03 Spyder Year of production: 1970 Power unit: eight-cylinder boxer engine Capacity: 2997 cc Output: 350 bhp (257 kW) Top speed: 275 km/h (171 mph) Weighing just 545 kg or 1,202 lb, the Spyder was an extreme rendition of lightweight techno – logy, the body made of reinforced-foam plastic weighing just 12 kilos or 26.5 lb. To ensure even better weight distribution, the driver and the power unit were moved to the front. The 908/3 Spyder to be admired here was raced only four times by the Works Team and won three races in the process, including its first race in the 1970 Targa Florio on Sicily with Jo Siffert and Brian Redman at the wheel.
Porsche 917 Short-Tail Coupé Year of production: 1971 Power unit: twelve-cylinder boxer engine Capacity: 4907 cc Output: 600 bhp (441 kW) Top speed: 360 km/h (223 mph) In 1971 Gijs van Lennep and Helmut Marko set up a track record destined to go down in history. Averaging 222.30 km/h or 137.83 mph, they covered a distance of 5,335.16 kilo – metres (3,315.31 miles) in the 24 Hours of Le Mans. Once again Porsche’s engineers had gone for nothing but the best in terms of streamlining and low weight. The short-rear ver sion of the 917 comes with shark fins on both sides of the rear hood, the frame is made of extra-light magnesium.
Porsche 917/30 Spyder Year of production: 1973 Power unit: twelve-cylinder boxer engine, turbocharged Capacity: 5374 cc Output: 1200 bhp (882 kW) Top speed: 385 km/h (239 mph) It is referred to as the “most powerful racing car of all times” – the upgraded twelve-cylinder power unit which dominated race tracks all around the world. With Mark Donohue at the wheel a Porsche brought home superior victory in the CanAm Series also the second time around, way ahead of McLaren. For the first time the turbocharged power unit also showed its merits on a winding track.
Porsche 911 Carrera RS 2.7 Coupé Year of production: 1973 Power unit: six-cylinder boxer engine Capacity: 2687 cc Output: 210 bhp (154 kW) Top speed: 240 km/h (149 mph)
The fastest German production car of its time was characterised by its unique rear spoiler referred to in popular terms as the “ducktail”. Introducing all kinds of aerodynamic improve – ments, Porsche set an important trend through this particular model, this spartan coupé living out the concept of “more power through more displacement and less weight” without the slightest compromise. The RS 2.7 was the first 911 to bear the name “Carrera” derived from the classic Carrera Panamericana road race.
Porsche 924 Year of production: 1974 Power unit: four-cylinder inline Capacity: 1984 cc Output: 125 bhp (92 kW) Top speed: 200 km/h (124 mph) Responding to the energy crisis in the mid-70s, VW decided to cancel a joint sports car pro – ject planned with Porsche. As a result Porsche created the 924 as its own entry-level model leading into the range. Right from the start, the first model was characterised by its large glass tailgate as a striking design feature. The 924 with its water-cooled front-mounted en – gine and transaxle configuration entered production at the Audi Plant in Neckarsulm in 1974.
Porsche 911 Turbo 3.0 Coupé Year of production: 1976 Power unit: six-cylinder boxer engine, turbocharged Capacity: 2994 cc Output: 260 bhp (191 kW) Top speed: 250 km/h (155 mph) Porsche’s first production car to use an exhaust gas turbocharger for extra power developed an almost incredible 260 bhp at the time. And indeed, the 911 Turbo was a bold move in the days of the energy crisis. The 911 Turbo immediately took over the top position within Porsche’s model range, benefiting from technology proven in motorsport. Apart from the turbocharged power unit, this technology was to be admired above all on the brakes and the car’s streamlining.
Porsche 928 S Year of production: 1983 Power unit: V8 Capacity: 4664 cc Output: 300 bhp (221 kW) Top speed: 250 km/h (155 mph) The 928 was originally intended as the successor to the 911, but quickly emancipated into a unique model in its own right. In 1978, just one year after being launched into the market, the 928 became the first sports car in history to be elected as the “Car of the Year”. In technical terms the concept differed fundamentally from the 911 through its transaxle trans – mission, the water-cooled V8 light-alloy power unit, and the aluminium suspension.
McLaren TAG MP 4/2 C Formula 1 Year of production: 1986 Power unit: V6, turbocharged Capacity: 1499 cc Output: 850 bhp (625 kW) Top speed: approx 350 km/h (217 mph) Developing new models of the highest calibre for external customers: Working in behalf of the TAG Group, Porsche built an engine destined to revolutionise Formula 1. This high-per – formance power unit displacing just 1 1⁄2litres developed enormous power in the McLaren Formula racing car, setting the foundation for three World Championship titles scored by Alain Prost and Niki Lauda as well as 25 Grand Prix wins between 1983 and 1987.
Porsche 959 Year of production: 1988 Power unit: six-cylinder boxer engine with register turbocharger Capacity: 2849 cc Output: 450 bhp (331 kW) Top speed: 315 km/h (195 mph)
No other Porsche offers the same passionate symbiosis of competition and high technology as the 959. Originally conceived for the new Group B racing category, the 959 was built in an exclusive series of just 292 units as a spearhead in technology based on the 911 model series. Subsequent production models benefited significantly from this supersports car with its attractive looks. Despite its price tag of DM 420,000, the 959 was quickly sold out.
Panamericana Concept Car Year of production: 1989 Power unit: six-cylinder boxer engine Capacity: 3557 cc Output: 250 bhp (184 kW) Top speed: 210 km/h (130 mph) On his 80th birthday Ferry Porsche received a roadgoing concept car based on the 911 Carrera 4. Bearing the name “Panamericana”, this unique model built in the course of only a few months was also presented at the 1989 Frankfurt Motor Show. The concept with its horizontal roof structure had a strong influence on the ongoing development of the 911 Targa and also paved the way for the construction of a new roadster, the Porsche Boxster soon to follow.
Porsche Boxster Year of production: 1996 Power unit: six-cylinder boxer engine Capacity: 2480 cc Output: 204 bhp (150 kW) Top speed: 240 km/h (149 mph) This two-seater roadster with its mid-mounted engine continued Porsche’s Spyder tradition, using modern technology in the process. Following an overwhelming response to the initial Boxster Show Car, the Company decided to build the production model. For technical rea – sons the roadgoing Boxster differed from the concept version but was nevertheless fully accepted as a thoroughbred Porsche. And while anticipating some features of the later gene – rationof the 911, the Boxster always remained a unique model in its own right.
Porsche Carrera GT Year of production: 2003 Power unit: V10 Capacity: 5733 cc Output: 612 bhp (450 kW) Top speed: 330 km/h (205 mph) The driving experience is both undiluted and mind-boggling: Through its design language alone, the Carrera GT clearly stands out as an uncompromising top-level performer. Boasting all the values of a modern racing car – supreme performance, extreme lightweight engineering, superior safety – the Carrera GT was originally conceived for racing in Le Mans and was then built in an exclusive series of just 1,270 units in Leipzig, standing out forever as an ultra-low mid-engined supersports with a unique carbon-fibre body.
Facts and Figures General Overall cost: Approx Euro 100 million Dimensions of Museum Building: 140 metres/459 feet long, 70 metres/230 feet wide Overall surface of Museum Building: 25,800 square metres (277,600 square feet) Weight of Museum Building: Approx 35,000 tonnes Concrete: Approx 21,000 cubic metres Steel: Approx 6,000 tonnes Excavation (earth): Approx 66,000 cubic metres Facade area of Exhibition Building: Approx 10,000 square metres (108,000 square feet) made up of approx 30,000 rhomboid sections Exhibition Location: Second upper level Exhibition area: 5,600 square metres/60,250 square feet Exhibits: approx 80 Museum cars and 200 small exhibits Overall collection of Museum cars: more than 400 exhibits Events Location: Third upper level Conference area: approx 600 square metres/6,450 square feet, flexible arrangement thanks to moving partitions Roof terrace: approx 800 square metres/8,600 square feet